Simplifying Complex Deployments: The GPT Docker Swarm on Raspberry Pi


Link to my “Docker Swarm” GPT on OpenAI ChatGPT.

In the ever-evolving landscape of technology, combining the power of AI with the flexibility of Docker Swarm on a Raspberry Pi infrastructure presents an innovative approach to scalable and efficient computing solutions. This integration, known as the GPT Docker Swarm, showcases a unique blend of artificial intelligence capabilities with robust, decentralized computing power, tailored specifically for environments demanding both intelligence and adaptability.

The Hardware Foundation

At the core of the GPT Docker Swarm is a quartet of Raspberry Pi 4B units, each boasting 8GB of RAM and 256GB of local storage via m.2 over USB3. This hardware setup is meticulously organized into three master nodes (RPT1, RPT2, RPT3) and one node (RPT4), ensuring redundancy and efficient load distribution among the units. The choice of Raspberry Pi 4B underscores the project’s commitment to combining cost-effectiveness with powerful computing capabilities.

Software and Configuration

Running Raspbian Bookworm lite 64bit (Debian 12) ARM64, the setup is optimized for headless access with SSH, underpinning the system’s focus on security and remote manageability. Key software components include Docker-compose for container orchestration, NFS server for centralized data storage, and Autofs for efficient storage mounting across the nodes. Additionally, Neofetch provides real-time system information, including CPU temperature, ensuring the system’s health is always monitored.

Unattended updates ensure the system remains secure and up-to-date without manual intervention. Special configurations for power management and memory sharing highlight the project’s attention to detail in optimizing performance and reliability.

Swarm Configuration and Power Management

The GPT Docker Swarm configuration includes innovative solutions for power management, allowing for centralized control over the power states of all nodes. This feature is particularly useful in scenarios where power efficiency and quick system restarts are crucial.

Application Deployment and Management

Leveraging Portainer, the GPT Docker Swarm simplifies the deployment and management of services. This approach not only facilitates the use of ARM64-compatible Docker images but also emphasizes persistent data storage by binding service-specific data to the “/data” directory on the master node. This method ensures data persistence and simplifies the management of services like Nginx, demonstrating the system’s adaptability to various application needs.


The GPT Docker Swarm represents a forward-thinking solution that marries the simplicity and cost-effectiveness of Raspberry Pi hardware with the sophistication of Docker container orchestration. This setup is a testament to the versatility and power of combining open-source technologies to create a resilient, scalable, and efficient computing environment suitable for a wide range of applications, from home labs to educational environments and beyond.

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